One of the most essential details defining appearance of any premise - a ceiling. Qualitative furnish of a ceiling gives to rooms an additional cosiness and elegance. From many kinds of ceiling coverings the most simple and rather inexpensive can name kleevyj a ceiling. It consists of tiles square or squared of ekstrudirovannogo polystyrene, or as it still name, stiropora, and in other words, polyfoam. They happen simple and laminated by a film, white and colour. Often obverse surface is covered by a film painted under a tree, rogozhku, nacre, a fabric or a stone. Also surfaces of square tiles can have the relief structure simulating a stucco moulding or woodcarving. The standard size of such tiles: 50х50 the sm, 100х16,5 see Glutinous ceilings are completed with ceiling plinths, shaped profiles, decorative sockets under colour of tiles and beams from poliuretana, and can change to unrecognizability even the most modest premise.
Application. Glutinous ceilings are recommended for ceilings in premises: offices, bedrooms and so forth It is possible to use and in kitchens, but only the tiles laminated by a protective film. These ceiling tiles can be glued practically on any surface: concrete, asbestotsement, plaster, a bricklaying, plaster and drevesnostruzhechnye plates.
Installation. Panels of glutinous ceilings are simply pasted on the base ceiling which surface thus is necessary for preparing preliminary: to clear getting enough sleep places of a bricklaying, to remove old wall-paper and glutinous paints, to wash off and clean off whitewashing, cracks and holes to close up shpatlevkoj. The basis should be dry, pure and degreased, strong and whenever possible smooth. Plaster plates or plaster plaster before pasting are desirable for polishing. From the materials inclined to namokaniju (plywood, DSP), before pasting it is desirable to ground surfaces.
For gluing of panels to a surface glue "PVA" which perfectly is usually used approaches for these purposes besides has rather low price, other kinds of universal glues. But is better glue, specially intended for ceiling coverings. First, then at need it is possible to unstick easily tiles, without damaging them thus. Secondly, using this glue, there is no necessity carefully to prepare a surface - enough only to remove a dust. Glue possesses ability to get through a layer before the put furnish, "connecting" and strengthening a stuck together surface.
Installation of ceiling tiles is made so: pull strings on a diagonal between opposite corners of a ceiling. In a place of their crossing mark the centre. Further through the centre designated thus two straight lines from a wall to a wall, dividing a room on four parts spend a cross crosswise. The thin, continuous layer of glue is put on an underside of a pasted tile.
The First tile is pasted in the designated centre of a ceiling. The subsequent tiles are pasted by parallel numbers along the straight lines spent from a wall to a wall. The ceiling edge between a wall and a ceiling is stuck with eaves (shaped profiles, wooden rejka and so forth). The rests of the glue which has got on a surface at gluing immediately are washed off by a wet sponge.
Not Laminated tile supposes the subsequent colouring vodoemulsionnoj a paint. Having added in it a desirable pigment, it is possible to combine harmoniously a ceiling on colour or a shade with furnish of walls, wall-paper and conditions.
Ceiling a plinth, eaves and galteli represent ideal possibility for end of registration of a premise and giving to it of unique colour. Classical or modern drawing, white, in tone of a tree or colour - ceiling eaves can opticheski change premise proportions, underline its borders or harmoniously combine transitions. Plinth application improves a general view of a ceiling and simplifies gluing of a tile along the edges of a ceiling. The combination of sockets ceiling and plinths is a magnificent modern decision on the basis of classical traditions. Classical series of profiles from firm polystyrene with drawings under a stucco moulding will transform a simple room to a smart hall. At outwardly indistinguishable similarity to expensive and heavy stucco moulding they are almost weightless and are easily mounted on a wall.
Leaving. it is possible to wash the Laminated ceiling tiles. The damp sponge, soap and warm water is for this purpose used, only it is impossible to fill in laths with water.
Not Laminated wipe a dry rag or vacuum with a soft nozzle. Small stains of a dirt can be removed usual lastikom.
Properties. Glutinous ceilings very easily also are quickly established, help to hide roughnesses and other defects of your ceiling, give the chance to carry out without special problems furnish of a ceiling for a premise of almost any lay-out. Its label does not demand any special adaptations and skills and can be easily executed independently. As we have already told, they can be glued on any surface (concrete, a bricklaying, plaster and drevesnostruzhechnye plates). They possess quite good warmly - and soundproofing properties - all the same a centimetric layer of polyfoam.
They provide colour unity of a surface. Various kinds of the invoice of a surface are capable to give to a premise unique style. One kinds of plates allow to create continuous drawing on all ceiling, and others, with geometrical structure of a surface, will create additional effect of prospect indoors.
And still, despite so obvious pluses, it is necessary to notice that such ceilings are not not so durable. Some of them do not transfer dampness. Polystyrene does not love a bright sunlight, at influence of ultra-violet radiation in due course turns yellow. The important lack of such ceilings is the considerable quantity of joints and seams between panels. Because of it the covering of a ceiling does not make impression of an integral surface. Also glutinous ceilings do not suppose installation of the built in fixtures.
There is also such nuance in perception: some such kind of furnish of the ceiling divided into squares, reminds sovok obshchepitovsky design (though since then their design has stepped far forward). The ceiling divided into equal squares "presses down" some.
the Prices. Usual ceiling panels of the Russian manufacture stand about 20 roubles for a piece (import - from 60 roubles). But they cannot be washed, and in crude premises they quickly lose a trade dress. Moisture resistant panels can be washed and glued in a bathroom. However, and their cost above: the Russian will manage in 50 roubles, import - in 80 roubles. Colour panels cost more expensive: ours - about 80 roubles, import - for 100. Cost of 20 sq. m of a ceiling with glue - from 1700 roubles to 10000 roubles. The running metre of a ceiling plinth costs from 30 to 50 roubles. The price of firm glue for stiroporovyh ceiling plates makes 15-30 roubles for kg.
Glutinous ceilings is traditional, but not so widespread way of furnish of ceilings in houses. If usual whitewashing seems too primitive, and on more difficult decisions you do not pull financially, what - why not to try? It is necessary to consider precisely only, whether the panels which have pleasant to you approach a premise which you are going to decorate with them. And to consult with professionals.
a source: the repair and design Encyclopedia
In addition on the given theme:
the Tension ceiling or how to come off clear
How to make a multilevel ceiling
How to make a ceiling ideally equal
How to make a ceiling ideally equal - II
the Tension ceiling does not deliver efforts
Tension ceilings - II
Pasting of a ceiling by wall-paper