Plastic windows. Stage-by-stage installation
Preparation of space for work
The Furniture from a room can to be taken out - close sofas and armchairs covers, release the big table for tools of a brigade or the big space on a floor before a window. Close a parquet a plastic foil, furniture - covers and try to close surfaces from a dust - the cement dust is very bad for breath. Lay before an input in a room a wet rag - and it is possible to wipe feet, and the damp barrier will not start up a dust in a corridor. If you change some windows (building dust, cement and a tree will be much) – order in firm or independently garbage container.
Dismantle of an old window
Employment not so labour-consuming, however the dirty. Having removed platbands, frames with glass, workers tear off a frame by means of the special tool and completely clear a window aperture. The qualified firm will provide at once as much as possible equal surface of slopes and not razvorotit to you all house and a wall.
The Window of a standard complete set also is made on technology: a plastic frame with built in aluminium prochnostnym a profile. Unary cover with a double-glazed window. Colour white. It is put in a protective film, it is collected on a place.
To start the master have fixed on the frame made on measurements skoby for fixture (on two skoby on the verge). For this purpose they used regular nests under screws and a simple screw-driver. Then the frame has been established in a window aperture. The special comment - some customers remained are dissatisfied with that brought double-glazed windows with scratches or leaky rise into place - you have every chance to secure themselves against these problems, correctly having made the contract with firm-fitter.
double-glazed window Installation
While slopes sohli, were engaged in double-glazed window installation. Were for this purpose used regular plastic rejki, a rubber hammer and that a double-glazed window has not warped, at installation the same plastic strips-wedges were used. Then established a heater under a frame. The same as and in the previous case, have filled in all cracks with assembly foam.
Windows and those building norms about which speech will go, first of all will be interesting to middle class. On the first place of a category of windows the comfort, heat - and shumoizoljatsionnye properties of windows is taken out.
The Quantity of firms-manufacturers of polyvinylchloride profiles for windows and doors in the Russian market steadily grows. More than half of suppliers of windows in Russia - from Germany. It speaks first of all that at the German firms a wide experience in the field of manufacture so-called "plastic windows". However the domestic consumer has shown defensible care at purchase and introduction of PVC-WINDOWS in domestic conditions which are not similar to the West European experience. In our country does not exist while definitively developed system of certification of window profiles, however such influential organisations as Gosstroy of the Russian Federation, "STROJPOLIMERTREST" and "NIISTROJFIZIKI", have developed system of tests of window profiles. In the event that the system of obligatory certification will be introduced in the Russian market, window profiles will be checked on 12-15 parametres, among which: Durability at the static bend, the resulted resistance to a heat transfer of system of profiles a shutter-box (with intensifying loose leaves and without them), softening temperature, resistance to blow at negative temperature, etc. At certification of windows it is necessary to consider such important parametre, as tightness of double-glazed windows (dew-point).
To the Consumer nebezinteresno will know that waits for it in case of the reference to charlatans from window business, therefore we have tried to size up each kind of windows.
Criteria of consideration: used materials, furnish, osteklenie, accessories, consolidations.
Windows from high-quality, non-polluting wood on the European technology and standards
Used materials: a fur-tree, a maple, a pine, a larch, an oak.
Furnish: transparent (a covering a transparent varnish) or opaque, any colours, pure glossy akrilovymi paints.
Osteklenie: one- or two-chamber double-glazed windows - glasses is possible tonirovat or
To get windows with protective functional films. Accessories: depending on possibilities and the firm project, and also desire of the customer the foreign or domestic accessories are applied. Consolidations: linings from rubber, thermoplastic elastomerov. The main requirements - durability and durability, density prileganija, all together providing high tightness. Window sills, platbands and other accessories can completely be delivered.
Used materials: an aluminium profile (it is developed specially for domestic severe conditions).
Furnish: opaque, any colours, powder enamel with heat treatment. Osteklenie: one- or two-chamber double-glazed windows - glasses is possible tonirovat or to get windows with protective functional films. Accessories: depending on possibilities and the firm project; the foreign accessories are applied. Consolidations: linings from rubber, thermoplastic elastomerov. The main requirements - durability and durability, density prileganija, all together providing high tightness. Window sills, platbands and other accessories can completely be delivered.
Pluses of windows from aluminium - absence of joints of materials of different heat conductivity (there is only a thermoinsert), firmness to deformation at operation, ease in installation.
Plastic windows (metalloplastikovye windows)
Used materials: polyvinylchloride with steel or aluminium reinforcing. Furnish: opaque, primary colour - white, toning in weight (mahogany, an oak, mahagon, a black rosewood, etc.) is possible. Osteklenie: one- or two-chamber double-glazed windows - glasses is possible tonirovat or to get windows with protective functional films. Accessories: depending on possibilities and the firm project, and also desire of the customer the foreign accessories are applied. Consolidations: linings from rubber, thermoplastic elastomerov. The main requirements - durability and durability, density prileganija, all together providing high tightness. Window sills, platbands and other accessories can completely be delivered: otlivy, jalousie, moskitnye grids.
Plastic covers of windows have the advantages to premises with the raised level
Humidity - in the conditioned premise, and also in a sauna or a bathroom - premises with a damp mode. Complexity of windows with unary cover that in them the double-glazed window - working life of a double-glazed window of 10-15 years is applied, and window cost in many respects depends on the double-glazed window price.
It is necessary for the consumer the nobility and about the cold bridge - some temperature imagined line in relation to which the window should be correctly established - so that there were no irreversible internal temperature destructions (as if to cork water in a bottle and to expose on a frost). At definition of an installation site of a window with unary cover it is necessary to consider both heating devices, and a thickness of walls. A plastic window with a double-glazed window energoeffektivnee: a high heat-shielding and svetopropuskanie give economy it is warm 15-20%.
For 50 years of operation in wooden frames hardly probable it is necessary to replace glass while in plastic or aluminium windows, maybe, it is necessary to replace three or four times a double-glazed window.
One more problem - different heat conductivity of plastic and metal in a steel skeleton of a frame. In case of wrong installation the frame can crack or there will be its warp.
Occurrence naledi at a window or a double-glazed window to-25°S - the obvious certificate of wrong installation. The presumable reasons can be: not considered conditioner creating raised humidity indoors, closing of a window by curtains provided that the window is put too forward to the street party. In case of conditioner use it is possible to establish at home windows with threefold covers and ostekleniem, however it is necessary to check up the certificate of conformity to norms on natural illumination. Naled, arising at windows at a temperature interval from-25°S to-35°S, - the phenomenon undesirable, but probable for windows with unary cover (the certificate on many double-glazed windows considers the maximum temperature for double-glazed windows in-31°S).
Zamokanie of slopes and walls - a condition unacceptable for any interior. The error of the designer or a fitter is available - the window is too close brought in the house. For elimination of problems is better to take advantage of services of the firm establishing windows.
the Special comment
The Double-glazed window - two or three layers of the glass connected on perimetre by means of glutinous structure and an iron profile - depending on quantity of layers of glass happen one- and two-chamber. From chambers of a double-glazed window or air is pumped out, or the space is filled by inert gas (for example, argon). In an ideal a double-glazed window - the durable thing, however under certain conditions can occur the depressurization leading to quite sad consequences. Depressurization depends on quality of the hermetic put on an internal remote framework of a double-glazed window. At manufacturers of this hermetic the basic criteria of quality are adhesion to glass and materials of an internal remote framework of a double-glazed window and low permeability of steams of water and gases. Remote frameworks happen from 6 to 24 mm, and the hermetic sealing zone can be strengthened, using double hermetic sealing, for example butyl and two-componental polysulfide. The quality assurance different at numerous firms, but does not exceed 10-12 years.
The Window with a double or threefold double-glazed window (one- and two-chamber accordingly) after depressurization will bring to the consumer many problems:
- the Dust in a double-glazed window will lower svetopropuskaemost.
- Can appear hoarfrost and zapotevanie windows.
- In buildings with an air conditioning in an interval between double-glazed window glasses (under condition of its depressurization) water steams can be typed - at freezing of water the double-glazed window will simply go cracks (till now the such did not occur yet, but the saying is known: if something in general can occur, it is necessary to expect it at any moment).
At the analysis of the market of windows first of all also it is especially necessary to note for a long time wooden frames used in Russia with double ostekleniem (these frames are established in all new constructed panel houses). The tree - a material durable, can stay, at correct installation, till fifty years. The preference is given listvennichnym to breeds, a maple, an oak, a pine and a fur-tree. Obvious advantage - cheapness of separate glass, unlike a double-glazed window.
In the Central region it is necessarily necessary sealing pritvor. Windows in separate double covers - similarity of that now stand in many block houses, only with the smaller area osteklenija, - save power expenses.
In addition on the given theme:
Gauging and installation of plastic windows
Wooden windows. Manufacture kleenogo a bar
Wooden windows - the help in a choice
Defects of wood
Furnish of slopes
Care of plastic windows
the Complete set of plastic windows
New profile KBE with ecological compounding GREEN LINE
Digression for the potential customer
Of what plastic windows