How to make a ceiling ideally equal
It should be without stains, cracks and irreproachably equal (at present speech does not go about multilevel ceilings with waves, ledges and other izyskami).
At desire, ideally equal it is possible to make any ceiling. Now there are two ways of their alignment - "crude" and "dry" (using building terminology).
"The Crude" method consists in drawing of special mixes on preliminary prepared surface. "The dry" method assumes use of dry finishing materials - plates, panels, reek, etc.
If the maximum difference on height makes no more than 5 sm, it is possible to apply "a crude" way.
At small difference of heights (to 0,5 sm), it is possible to take advantage levelling shpatlevkoj which smear on a ceiling and, having allowed to it to dry up, grind a fine-grained emery paper.
In a case if height differences make 2 - 3 sm one shpatlevkoj not to manage, and at first it is necessary to put reinforcing grid (to impose "bandage").
The Grid happens two kinds: metal and painting.
Painting (it still name serpjankoj) it is similar to medical bandage or a gauze, to its ceiling krepjat by means of glue PVA or other gluing structures, the main thing - that the grid well kept on a ceiling and to it plaster stuck. Recently on sale has appeared self-glued serpjanka.
The Metal grid krepjat to a ceiling special skobami, hooks or "carnations" with wide hats. It is necessary in that case when the thick plaster coat (3 - 5 sm) is necessary. And in general a grid recommends to put on all joints and seams.
When plaster will dry up, the layer levelling shpatlevki is put. And if the ceiling is painted subsequently, it is necessary to put also a first coat layer.
For qualitative repair of a ceiling it is better to use shpatlevki, first coats of a paint of one manufacturer. Only in this case "compatibility" of materials will be guaranteed.
Summing up, it is necessary to notice that "crude" alignment of a ceiling is the labour-consuming and "dirty" process connected with many inconveniences. With its help it is possible to remove only small roughnesses, and in case of a leaking it is necessary to repair a ceiling anew, differently there can be smudges, cracks and even a mould. Besides, alas, even the master - "able fingers" not always can guarantee that through any time for a ceiling there will be no crack.
In cases when to level a ceiling in the "crude" way it is impossible, much easier and more reliably to make a falsh-ceiling. Represents the decorative design closing "a native" ceiling (a ceiling plate). This way experts name dry in the absence of a dirt during repair work. For today exists three variants of execution of falsh-ceilings: a ceiling covering, pendant and tension.
Process of a covering of a ceiling looks as follows. In the beginning a ceiling surface clear of an old paint and a basis (shpatlevki, first coats). Then to a ceiling plate fastens obreshetka - metal rejki, being a skeleton for a decorative material (cloth) by which the ceiling will be sheathed.
In addition on the given theme:
the Tension ceiling or how to come off clear
How to make a multilevel ceiling
How to make a ceiling ideally equal - II
the Tension ceiling does not deliver efforts
Tension ceilings - II
Pasting of a ceiling by wall-paper