Installation of door blocks
the door Establishment begins with manufacturing of a door box. Such boxes for stone and brick houses become from boards in the thickness about 50-60 mm and width 100 mm. The prepared and pared down details krepjat among themselves by means of thorns, strictly observing thus a right angle.
In an installation time it is necessary to watch that the top and bottom boards have been located strictly horizontally, and lateral - strictly vertically. After the door box will be levelled and established, it needs to be fixed.
To walls the door box fastens by means of thick long nails or steel probes. If walls of the house from concrete or a brick, in them it is difficult enough, and at times even it is impossible to hammer a nail or the probe, therefore preliminary in fastening places apertures under nails are bored through and wooden stoppers are inserted into them - subsequently fastenings will be driven in into them for the Doorway.
At installation of doors in the house needs to be remembered door blocks that thresholds become only in external doorways and at transition from not heated premise (corridor) in heated (room). Instead of a threshold it is possible to raise simply a little (on 2-3 sm) a floor in a room rather koridornogo a floor.
The description Resulted above concerns installation of external doors. Inside doors less massive, than external, and the box for them consists not of four (two lateral, one top and one bottom) bruskov, and from three. In a design is absent bottom horizontal brusok, that is there is no threshold.
Inside doors too a little differently Fasten. They are fixed by means of thick nails. Cracks between a box and a wall close platbands.
After installation of a door box it is necessary to start to naveshivaniju the door.
To start it adjust to the size of a door box, sostrugivaja its face party. It hang.na loops and plan surplus, remove from loops and cut off it. When the door will be definitively adjusted, it hang already permanently.
Loops get out on the size. They fasten only screws which should enter as much as possible densely into apertures in a loop, and heads of screws should be zapodlitso with cards.
Loops for naveshivanija doors happen sharnirnymi and polusharnirnymi. Both those, and others consist of two parts - halves and a core (axis). Sharnirnye loops can be as demountable (at them the core is taken out), and deaf persons. Polusharnirnye loops can be only demountable.
More convenient demountable loops are considered. To reduce a friction between cards, the bronze or brass ringlet is put on a core. The size of loops depends on what size there will be a door.
There are some versions of doors. odnopolnye have width of a cloth of 850 mm, polutorapolnye consist of two cloths of different width, and two cloths identical on width make dvupolnye doors. On the average height of such doors - 2 000 mm.
Besides, the door can be trellised, filenchatoj, glazed. The thickness of a cloth fluctuates from 30 to 50 mm.
Krepit door boxes in apertures is necessary very thoroughly. Backlashes between a wall and a box should be zakonopacheny, it will protect the House from blowing off and hit in deposits. To caulk cracks between a box and a wall it is possible in two ways.
the First way
It is a dry way. The backlash is filled at first with a dry tow, shlakovatoj or glass wool and is well condensed by means of a screw-driver or a knife.
the Second way
This way - wet. Here the same materials, as in the first case are used. But the filler is preliminary moistened in is liquid dissolved plaster solution.
THE DOOR ON SHPONKAH
One of versions is the door on shponkah. It is strong, simple enough in manufacturing and neteploprovodna. It is collected from stroganyh boards in the thickness by of 40-50 mm. On edges of boards choose quarters or shpunty. The boards prepared thus stack abreast, adjust definitively, level and press, then put risks for a choice of grooves under shponki. Grooves choose on a cone. Their depth makes 1/2-1/4 all the thickness long boards. At the basis grooves should have width of 50 mm, and from above - 35 mm.
Shponki can be usual and with naplavom, have the trapezoid form. They from bruskov which thickness is equal to a thickness of boards of a door, and length more than its width on 100-150 mm are made.
Tolstoys shponki it is much more convenient, than thin, with them the door is less jarred on. At first collect a door on shponkah, then it examine and mark acting places after that shponki boards are beaten out also are again adjusted. Then shponki are again driven in, but already against the stop. SHponki it is possible to drive in into boards dry, but it is possible to put them and on kazeinovom glue.
THE DOOR FROM BRUSKOV
This version of doors can be sploshno or trellised - all depends on its appointment. Ready bruski stick together with each other otfugovannymi with the parties, face sheets are levelled and pasted over with plywood or sheets DVP.
FILENCHATAJA THE DOOR
Such door gathers from simple bruskov or with facets and kalevkami. Kalevki it is possible to choose on separate bruskah. They form a groove depth of 15-20 mm into which subsequently and panels are inserted.
If the door is intended for internal installation, panels should be in the thickness from 8 to 22 mm, if a door external - to 50 mm. Make panels of plywood, boards, DVP or DSP.
Doors usually do some the big sizes, than door boxes then as much as possible to adjust a door to the size of a box. Surplus of wood remove, and only after that the door is hung on loops, then handles are attached to it, locks, latches, etc.
THE GLAZED DOOR
The Glazed door cloth consists from bruskov obvjazki which form a skeleton, and inserted in it crossed gorbylkov. Between a skeleton and gorbylkami with the help shtapikov glasses are inserted.
THE SLIDING DOOR
Being in the fashion, it is possible to establish sliding doors in the house. Certainly, this variant will not approach as the external. Sliding doors become only the interroom. They can be made independently.
The easier a sliding door, the more conveniently it in circulation. The easiest - a frame door. It gathers from bruskov in the thickness of 30 mm and width 40 mm and is revetted from both parties with the thin laminated plywood.
Bottom and top bruski a door box for a sliding door become wider as to them rollers fasten. Diameter of rollers can be any. dvizhutsja rollers on directing which by means of screws fastens to a floor.
It is possible to establish a door with stained-glass windows. Glasses suit a stained-glass window both transparent, and colour, both smooth, and corrugated. The door with a stained-glass window will approach only for installation between rooms, instead of for external premises.
The Great popularity sliding doors-accordions now use. They perfectly approach to an interior of any house, are strong, durable and convenient in operation.
As soon as finish installation of doors, it is possible to start an ornament of directly doorway. It can be made by means of platbands - external and internal. As a rule, external platbands more massive and beautiful. Sometimes them do carved.
Usually platbands make from pine or fur-tree tesa, sometimes of a linden. Lime platbands do in the event that on them the decorative carving is supposed. The thickness tesa makes about 20-30 mm.
Internal platbands usually have width of 75-150 mm, but thus they necessarily should be on 20-50 mm more widely bruskov a door box.
From a face sheet platbands can give any form, choosing on them kalevki. And from the back party they necessarily should have grooves depth of 5 mm that they adjoined to a wall and to a door box more densely.
On corners platbands connect "installation of door blocks" on "moustache" for what them cut off at an angle in 45 ° with the help malki or stusla. To the most door box platbands fasten nails with the flattened hats. Drive in them on distance of 50-75 mm from each other. There, where there are loops, platbands should recede from edge of a door box on 10-15 mm, that is for a thickness of a loop; in places where loops are not present, - on 6-10 mm. To their door boxes krepjat before establish a plinth.
External platbands sometimes have carved or unprofitable details. The carving can be both through, and relief.
After installation of an external door platbands are finished, strengthened, it is necessary to take care of the lock.
The Dead lock should be on distance of 80-110 sm from a floor. First of all it is necessary to cut out a nest under the lock and under a forward lath in bruske. It becomes by means of a chisel or a chisel so that the forward lath was zapodlitso with pritvorom bruska.
Then it is necessary to insert the lock and to check up density prileganija a forward lath. Further the lock it is necessary to take out, measure distance from kljucheviny to a lath and to transfer on brusok doors so that at an aperture cutting in bruske it has been located precisely opposite kljucheviny the lock.
To Cut out an aperture under the lock it is better not with one, and from both parties bruska serially. An aperture for kljucheviny is better to drill a thick drill. Then it is necessary to insert the lock, to tighten its screws, but not to a limit to (sweep together), and to check up its work as a key. Opposite to a bolt in a door box or in the door cut down a nest depth no more than 5 mm and the size a bit big, than the size of a cut in zapornoj to a lath. Then this nest at level bruska grease with soft clay, plasticine or putty and smooth down. After that a door close, densely press ' and key turn put forward a bolt which leaves a print on plasticine or clay. After that a door it is necessary to open, put zapornuju a lath a cut to a print so that it was precisely in the cut centre.
Then the lath should be pressed, led round densely on a contour a pencil, leaving risk on which subsequently to choose wood for a bolt and latch lath.
After the established lock to a door handles, chains and bolts fasten.
When the external door is established, at once warm it. It is not difficult for making by means of special sealants which can be got in shop or to make independently.
They Become as follows. The strip of leatherette in width of 100-120 mm and length which corresponds to length of three bruskov a door box (two vertical and one horizontal) undertakes. The strip of foam rubber of 3-4 mm in the thickness and the same length, as a leatherette strip is required still.
Then foam rubber turns around leatherette. The leatherette strip is fastened in a junction.
The Sealant is beaten along a door box on two vertical bruskam and top horizontal, closing itself a crack between a door box and a door.
The External door should open necessarily outside. So it cannot be beaten out. The best variant of a strong and reliable door - metal or double. External - metal, and internal - from any material.
Besides it, it is necessary to establish at once on an external door safe locks with several degrees of protection. The entrance door also should have from within a steel strong lock or a reliable chain which cannot be opened outside. Also at doors the eye is necessary. For today it is considered the best an eye with the panoramic review in 200 °.
Noise from the next premises can be avoided if to make an external door soundproof. For this purpose it is possible to use polyfoam, felt, batting or even an old blanket. Of this material are made shumopogloshchajushchie overlays.
According to the size of a door from pine reek the thickness about 20 mm and about 30 mm makes width a frame which then fastens to a door by means of cross-section reek.
At doors bore through apertures, screws; krepjat a plate to a frame. Poles which leave screws, it is possible to fill with window putty, to smooth down a skin and to cover with an oil paint or a suitable varnish.
The Working tool for manufacturing and installation of doors it is required a little, and it is simple enough.
the Axe is necessary for door adjustment to an aperture, and also at sample of wood of boards. It should be nasazhen on the reliable, convenient handle and to be sharply ground.
Saws will be useful for cross-section sawing up of boards and bruskov. Two-manual, one-manual, luchkovye and saws can be necessary for the mixed sawing up. It is necessary to pay attention that the more small saw teeths, the easier it to saw, the truth, labour productivity because of it decreases.
Some various drills on a thickness will be necessary for drilling of round apertures.
Also be required and planes - for wood planing when the door will be adjusted to an aperture. All planes have different names, the form of a piece of iron and length kolodochki. Pieces of iron happen unary and double. Length kolodochek sherhebelja, a plane and other planes - 250 mm, and fuganka - 700 mm.
It is necessary shpunt for sample shpuntov, kalevki - for manufacturing of figured elements on details, zenzubeli and a folding - for otborki folds, quarters etc.
the Surface gauge - kolodochka with one or two rulers, shpenkami on the ends and a wedge by which rulers are fixed. With its help lines-risks on bruskah and boards are spent.
For check of vertical position and horizontal position of the established boards are necessary vesok, level and vaterpas . Vesok - the cargo suspended on a long and strong cord. It check vertical position of the established details.
Vaterpas - two rejki, short and long, with podkosami and weighty.
Malka - a square with the mobile feather fixed by the screw. With the help malki do construction and check of corners.
a source: masterhouse.ru
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Choosing a steel door - remember
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How to choose interroom doors