Carrying over or the device of new doorways
Each person - the creator. In it always there lives requirement to changes in the life, in the dwelling. Happens that there is inconvenient a closed space of rooms, it would be desirable to expand it, to make new inputs and exits, to freshen and update atmosphere. The very first step is a real estimation of your desires and possibility of their embodiment in a life. That is it is necessary to define accurately: that it is possible to touch, punch and delete, and that in no event it is impossible. With it you will be helped by the expert in re-planning, the engineer whom at the order the company undertaking performance of your order necessarily should have. This person, having left into place, will define, whether voplotima your idea, will advise, as it is better for making, and will acquaint with all stages of forthcoming works.
If your project has the right to existence the coordination pereplanirovochnyh decisions in various instances will be following step. Carrying over or the device of new doorways - not a laughing matter, is responsible operation which can lead to decrease in bearing ability of a wall of a building. Therefore it carry to pereplanirovochnym to works on which according to the current legislation it is necessary to obtain the permit from the interdepartmental commission. But that it to receive, it is necessary to have on hands of an order of 15-20 documents from other organisations bearing responsibility for safety and safety of habitation: from balansoderzhatelja or the proprietor of the house, management of the district architect, bodies Gospozhnadzora, Gossanepidnadzor, the State housing inspection of Moscow and maintaining bodies. On all these affairs can leave three months, design and it is repair-civil engineering firm do it much faster.
Choosing a place and the sizes of a doorway, experts usually consider following moments. The ferro-concrete or brick main wall in apartments has a thickness from 120 to 400 mm, it is officially authorised to remove a piece from it from 700 mm to 2000 mm at width and 2100 mm in height. An aperture it is necessary to have in the middle stenovoj panels on distance, as a rule, not less than 600 mm from an external wall of apartment.
In the apartments located on ground floors of buildings (usually with 1st on 4th), width of an aperture it is not necessary to do more than 900 mm as its excess can cause of installation of additional strengthenings that will sharply raise cost of works. The door box is desirable for getting before aperture cutting out, is will allow to perform work more accurately and precisely.
When coordination are received, necessary documents are signed, there comes turn of transformation of rooms. Naturally, each owner wishes to see the apartment beautiful and stylish (for the sake of what all and is started). This question should be discussed with the designer of the company-executor in advance. Your joint imagination and the design project made on its basis, will lead to the original decision. When it is a question not of the full design project of all habitation but only about local - an aperture, invite specialised firms which undertake cutting out of an aperture of the standard sizes and do it accurately and quickly, for one working day. Services of firm in cutting out of an aperture depending on the size of an aperture and necessity of installation of a ferro-concrete framing skeleton can cost from 7 to 20 thousand roubles. Before signing of the contract with such firm familiarise with its licence for carrying out of such kind of works. Be prepared for arrival of masters. Cutting out of a fragment of a wall is usually made with plentiful water delivery, therefore a part of a parquet floor which adjoins to the future aperture, it is better to remove. The furniture from premises is better for taking out or at least to remove on distance not less than 2 m.
Perform this work more often a jackhammer or a drill with perforatornoj a nozzle. And only the few do an aperture by a saw. Yes not a simple saw, and a disk mill with almazonosnymi the segments put in action by a special hydrowire. Only such also can cut the thick concrete reinforced by steel cores in diameter of 4-12 mm. Experts consider that the bearing wall fragment should be cut, as blows can lead to formation of cracks in ferro-concrete stenovyh panels. Only the mill does process completely safe for a building. Procedure such. At first on a wall mark contours of the future doorway - by a disk saw do planimetric rez on depth of 140 mm. Then follows horizontal rez. At the second pass by a disk saw on the same contour cut an aperture for all thickness stenovoj panels. Cooling water is taken away so that it has not got under a floor plinth. The cut part stenovoj panels bends and acts in film a little. Then prepare channels of a framing skeleton for welding. And after installation of a framing skeleton follows. And the aperture is ready!
After the termination of re-planning workers from bureau of technical inventory will bring respective alterations in characteristics sheet on a structure and you receive a new copy from poetazhnogo the house plan. This piece of paper - the official document which can be used at a will writing, at an exchange or donation. And the main thing - prochnostnye calculations for possible projects on re-planning of apartments of other tenants of your entrance will be already carried out taking into account your new doorway.
Workmen owners undertake to do independently apertures, but as we have already noted, qualitatively and harmlessly for a building this operation can be done, only having on hands the corresponding tool, rather not cheap.
Pass to a wall can be made very much and very non-standard: a hole in overlapping in "modern style", antique arches or any other yours zadumka will be embodied. Here examples of possible decisions for those to whom "this white, white door" has bothered in the house.
The Aperture in a wall is made in Ancient Greek style, a combination of columns, a sculpture and live plants it will be very good to look in your house. It is widespread enough course, but from it it does not lose the urgency.
The Aperture in a wall is made carelessly as though it punched a hammer. For surroundings the bricklaying is made. An aperture in the centre, the small ladder is for this purpose made. This variant is reasonable for embodying in spacious apartment or the house. It will be healthy to look as pass between a hall and a drawing room.
This variant is calculated on apartments with design in modern style. Steel details on pass perimetre immerse tenants in future atmosphere.
On new ideas you can inspire "doorways" and the illustrations of ready apertures resulted in a given material. Certainly, you will tell, to be original on spaces of a country cottage or huge apartment easily, and try in rigidly set conditions of a standard lay-out. And also we will try! We will strike imagination on boring architecture! But only in the union with professionals.
a source: the Encyclopedia of repair and design of an interior
In addition on the given theme:
That such modern doors?
the Pendant sliding door
All about door loops
Choosing a steel door
Choosing a steel door - remember
Merits and demerits of a wooden door
How to choose interroom doors